Brazil - Facts

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  • COVID-19: Entry protocols for yachts have been affected by the pandemic. See the Biosecurity section for details.
  • Brazil is located on the continent of South America and occupies most of the eastern part its geographic heartland as well as various islands in the Atlantic Ocean.
  • The country is bordered by Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay, Bolivia, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, and the Atlantic Ocean.
  • Brazil has a population of 209 million and demographically it is very diverse comprising of many races and ethnic groups. The official language is Portuguese which is widely spoken by most of the population. English is not so commonly spoken.
  • The official currency is the Real (RI), which has 100 centavos. For specifics see General Info.
  • Brazil has four time zones for details see General Info.
  • The temperatures in Brazil rarely dip below 20°C (68°F), apart from in the mountains and southern regions. The climate varies from hot and dry in the arid interior to humid and sticky in the tropical rainforests of the Amazon jungle. For more details see the Weather section.
  • Brazilian culture is a rich mixture of European, African and Latin American, all of which can be seen in its world-famous Carnival. It is this Carnival which brings many sailors to Brazil, those who arrive from the north sailing for Salvador in Bahia, while those coming from the south have the opportunity to see the greatest show of them all in Rio de Janeiro.
  • In between these two cities, to the north as well as to the south, stretches a long coastline of varied scenery and just as varied climate and weather conditions. There are interesting places to explore all along the coast, but perhaps the best cruising ground is the area between São Sebastiao Island and Rio de Janeiro, which has many protected anchorages and attractive scenery, slightly marred by the increasing number of oil rigs.
  • The River Amazon also has an appeal for some cruising sailors and it can be navigated for well over one thousand miles giving the opportunity to see some of the interiors of this huge country.
  • For many sailors the first taste of Brazil lies 250 miles offshore on the island of Fernando de Noronha, while another Brazilian outpost in the Atlantic is better avoided, St Peter and St Paul rocks near the equator, where landing is only possible in the calmest of weathers.
  • For details of the utilities and other services see Yachting Essentials.

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Brazil was last updated 4 months ago.

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  1. October 24, 2022 at 3:00 PM
    etotongwe says:

    Be hyper careful with any work done at Salvador. Prices are exhorbitant, inferior materials are used and workmanship is pitiful. Most of what is done will fail..

  2. April 6, 2022 at 9:50 AM
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    sue-richards says:

    Reported by Paul Lever – SY Georgia:
    We cleared into Noronha.
    The island of Fernando de Noronha, Brazil is open to cruising boats. All crew MUST show proof of Covid vaccination. Unvaccinated crew will be sent back to their vessel immediately and not allowed to land. Visas for Brazil are issued for 90 days (for most nationalities). Daily anchoring and environmental fees are not insignificant (you can get one day at no fee). We paid for 2 crew for 4 days at approx, 1,450 Brazilian real. Port Captain and other officials are extremely helpful to cruisers. The anchorage can be rolly.

  3. December 28, 2021 at 12:00 AM
    cjheyer says:

    Hello cruisers !

    We are actually planning to go South to Patagonia via Bresil, Argentina and will be leaving soon. Interested to share ideas of possible stops along the way either for re provisioning or weather shelter. Our contact is [email protected]

    Chris and Sudy on SV Jiujiu

  4. December 8, 2021 at 6:09 AM
    jovita says:

    Planning to cruise Brazil in 2022 down to Uruguay , if anybody could give us any good advices or stories it would be very appreciated .
    Thank you already ..!

    1. December 12, 2021 at 10:09 PM
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      Sue Richards says:

      Hi Bernard, our contact in South America, Omar Sanchez, is currently assisting a US boat sailing south. See: Omar can be contacted on [email protected]. Also check out our Brazil reports:, and our Uruguay reports: Do let us know how the trip goes and a report on your passage would be welcome for Noonsite if you’d like to contribute. Fair winds.

    2. December 24, 2021 at 4:21 AM
      chulugi says:

      Hi Bernard.

      We spend more than one year cruising Brazil between Salvador and Rio de la Plata. Feel free to browse our website for some inspirations (in German, but you’ll find a translate button). If you need any help in the Rio/Ilha Grande area, please contact us. We still have a lot of friends there – in Buenos Aires too.


      Marcel and Joanna, SY CHULUGI

    3. December 24, 2021 at 3:37 PM
      barbaraann520 says:

      Hi Bernard,
      We’re in Cape Town, just waiting for Brazil to reopen it’s ports. We also want to sail to Rio/Ilha Grande and then work our way down to Patagonia and the Beagle channel (for next Austral summer). We can be reached at [email protected]. Please contact us. Anyone else headed that way? Please get in touch with us.
      Jack & Jackie Hunt

  5. February 18, 2021 at 8:03 PM
    vandusseldorp says:

    Any update on arriving in Brazil? I hear that it is possible to make landfall if you have the intention to leave the country (within how many days? Not clrear) and on return to Brazil a visa is granted hence possible to continue cruising along the Brazilian coast? Anybody with this experience?

    1. February 22, 2021 at 6:58 PM
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      Sue Richards says:

      Ports are still closed in Brazil, but the Task-Force set up by local sailors and authorities at the start of the pandemic to provide support to yachts entering or exiting the Brazilian coastal territory during the COVID-19 health emergency – is still operating. Contact: Silvio P. Ramos (OCC and CA Port Officer) – [email protected]. He tells me that they have helped some 40 foreign yachts to provision or, leave the boat and fly home. Some ports and marinas are easier then others. They have had more success with Jacaré Marina in Cabedelo and in the Angra dos Reis area.

  6. May 28, 2020 at 9:49 PM
    rossger says:

    Piracy in Fortaleza (State of Ceará). Brazil
    Two weeks ago, a Brazilian crew was robbed by armed locals, with the loss of all money, documents and electronics.
    Police, Navy did not help at all.
    The Northeastern coast from Salvador to Amapá should be avoided by foreign boats.
    South of Salvador, safety is fairly good.

  7. May 23, 2020 at 7:37 PM
    danielbyers says:

    Taking a long shot here.
    I’m a US citizen who has been traveling the world on my motorcycle for several years, currently stranded in Brazil due to the COVID pandemic.
    I am looking to find passage for me and my bike back to the US (any port) and figured it was worth asking around. Are there any ships capable of carrying my bike and I that are leaving Brazil any time soon headed north?
    I can be reached at [email protected].

    Dan Byers

    1. May 29, 2020 at 5:47 PM
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      Sue Richards says:

      Hi Daniel, Noonsite users are cruising yachts (typically between 40 andn 60 feet in length). They would not be capable of helping to ship a heavy motorbike and we don’t cover commercial shipping schedules. Sorry we can’t help. Best of luck.

  8. February 6, 2020 at 4:56 PM
    spikeyrp says:

    When is the best time to sail from the Lesser Antilles to Brazil?

    1. February 6, 2020 at 8:55 PM
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      sue-richards says:

      Our Brazil weather section might help a little with this – This report too will be useful – by cruisers who sailed south in the winter –

    2. February 7, 2020 at 12:42 PM
      vanuatu says:

      Hello! The best time is from january to april, when the NE tradewinds are stable, stay at minimum 500 NM from the continent to avoid the currents and then change tack to head directly to Cabedelo. I did that in September, it was quite tough. It’s definitly better from january to april.

  9. September 13, 2019 at 3:41 PM
    icebird says:

    Marina Itajai is excellent. Very good new equipment, professional operation and extremely friendly to foreigners.
    We lifted out and repainted our 30m carbon rotating rig, which was a delicate anxious operation but I had complete trust in the crane and forklift operators and the yard in general is very well run.

  10. September 12, 2019 at 9:51 PM
    glide2277 says:

    Hello–this is probably a ridiculous question but does anyone know whether private boats entering Brazil, Argentina, Chile, Peru are required to carry insurance? Thanks!

    1. September 13, 2019 at 3:42 PM
      icebird says:

      Hi Max…i have not been asked

  11. May 15, 2019 at 1:18 AM
    carle says:

    Je cherche un port pour hiverner mon voilier, un Allures 45, entre juin et septembre 2019 avec une relative sécurité et à un tarif acceptable dans la région de Salvador de Bahia de todos os santos. Si quelqu’un a une idée…?
    Merci d’avance
    Christian Translation:I am looking for a port to winter my sailboat, an Allures 45, between June and September 2019 with relative security and at an acceptable rate in the region of Salvador de Bahia todos os Santos. If someone has an idea…?thank you in advanceChristian

    1. September 1, 2019 at 4:51 PM
      oroboro says:

      I spent a couple of months in Bahia de Todos os Santos, and visited all the marinas. And I mean All of Them.

      My recommendation would be to leave your boat in Jacaré instead. Prices are really low (a fraction of what you pay in Salvador) and the marinas are safe. You have a big airport in Joao Pessoa, so you can fly everywhere. You can also check in and out with the Authorities.

    2. November 12, 2019 at 11:23 AM
      vanuatu says:

      Bonjour Christian,

      Je suggère la Marina Jacaré Village à Cabedelo. Endroit tranquille et abrité, équipe hyper compétente et sympathique. Possibilité de réaliser de nombreux travaux, mise au sec également. J’y ai laissé mon bateau plus d’un an et en suis très content.

  12. May 11, 2018 at 10:50 PM
    Data Entry says:

    New website to download the official nautical charts in Raster format:
    And new web for the notice to the navigators, in English and Portuguese:
    Omar Sanchez, Wetdoc

  13. February 20, 2018 at 2:06 PM
    Data Entry says:

    Yellow Fever in Brazil:

    Alert in Rio de Janeiro and Angra.
    The outbreak of yellow fever is no longer a health alert and has become a real problem. Therefore, the vaccine should be included in the plans of the tourists, without diminishing the use of other measures: repellent, mosquito net, insecticide, trousers, and long sleeves, etc.

    The evolution is so rapid that the usual sources of information like the CDC of the USA or the travelers’ medicine websites and their maps are outdated. The news portals of Brazil follow the problem more closely.

    The area of Rio de Janeiro and Angra dos Reis, historical nautical destinations, have been punished punctually in recent days. Mortality in Angra is the data of the day: 7 out of 12 reported cases. The overall mortality in the state of Rio de Janeiro is 45%.

    The rest of the statistics:
    Minas Gerais 225 cases with 76 deaths.
    São Paulo with 181 cases and 53 deaths.
    Rio de Janeiro with 74 cases and 33 fatal.
    Updated map of the risk areas:
    Omar Wetdoc

  14. October 3, 2016 at 1:23 PM
    Data Entry says:

    We’re on anchor in ıtaparica for almost 4 months now and haven’t been anywhere else so comfortable so far. You can leave your dinghy at the marina, get fresh water for free, and people are very friendly if you’re friendly. Had no safety problems so far, however, we lock the boat has been warned by many people.

    It’s also lovely to sail around, to Rio Paraguacu, Tororo waterfall etc..Nature is amazing, loved it all…Just finding yachting equipment even in Salvador is very very difficult. So if anyone has any experience finding rigging materials, would be great to learn.
    banu, S/Y Gezi

  15. July 16, 2015 at 1:28 AM
    Data Entry says:

    We spend 5 months in Brazil and thoroughly enjoyed it! Three months at Terminal Nautico, Salvador, two weeks in Recife and four weeks at Jacare Village Marina in Cabedelo. Nor once did we feel threatened in any way nor did we encounter any difficulties. Everybody was helpful and mostly went out of their way to be of assistance. We extensively sailed around the Salvador (Bahia de Todos Santos) area and visited many popular and remote anchorages. We hired a vehicle and drove over 2400 kilometers visiting many inland towns and villages. Everywhere we went, we met generous and helpful people across the entire spectrum – rich and poor, old and young.

    Marcello Brochini from Bahia Boats in Salvador went out of his way to show us more of Brazilian life – he can also assist in importing spare parts and yacht equipment duty-free. Crime is certainly not as common some people would want you to believe and we have seen far worse in some sophisticated first world countries. Learn a few Portuguese words (hardly anybody can speak English), relax, take it easy, mix with the laid back Brazilian people, don’t expect things done in a rush, make sure to stock up on their Cachaca – you will have a great time and then some more!

  16. May 18, 2015 at 2:34 AM
    Data Entry says:

    Salvador and Bahia de Todos Santos are brilliant. Everyone is friendly, welcoming and helpful. We have been here for two months and loved every minute. We have stayed at the Terminal Nautica in Salvador and sailed to many places in the bay. We have visited many places in Salvador by bus and on foot and been to Chapada Diamantina NP. We have felt safe and had no problems – only friendship and generosity. Come to Brazil, you’ll love it. Don’t let the security column put you off, just take the precautions you would anywhere. And learn a bit of Brazilian on the crossing, it will go a long way. Kath, Caramor, Salvador de Bahia

  17. March 30, 2015 at 11:20 AM
    Data Entry says:

    I’m in Itiparica for one week. During this time one boat was boarded during the night and robbed (the owners and their dog were on the boat sleeping and the boat was open, they noticed the theft the next morning), one couple was attacked by 4 locals with machetes whilst on the beach to the left of the marina during the afternoon, and their bag was stolen and one boat was boarded during the day while the owners were at the marina. Luckily another boat noticed the thieves on board and chased them in their dinghy.

    Whilst these thieves were caught and hopefully, the nightmare is over, cruisers should be careful.

    All of the involved boats are in the anchor field directly outside the marina.
    I will tell the 3 couples about noonsite and see if they can send in first-hand reports.
    Itiparica, 30.03.2015