Mediterranean Anchoring Restrictions
These restrictions stem from an EU law that prohibits anchoring too close to harbours, beaches or in non-designated areas for long periods. Designed for ships it has been enforced on yachts - which was never the intention – and there appears to be no hard and fast rule about how the law is enforced. Some port authorities enforce it, others do not.
Jim B, experienced Mediterranean cruiser (see his website http://jimbsail.info/ for extensive Med cruising information) explains;
"The “default” law for yachts forbids anchoring or manoeuvring under engine within 500m (can be 1,000m) of the "shore"/"beach"/"swimming area" unless there is a swimming area marked out off the beach with buoys. Very few "beaches" or "port areas" have been defined in these countries, except the obvious big commercial ports. A general trend in busy areas (such as Mallorca) is to grant concessions to local groups to lay fields of buoys, and dis-allow anchoring in the designated field (even if it is not fully occupied with buoys). Several Mallorca Calas no longer allow anchoring.”
Spain and Greece have 500m limits which apply to the total coastline except in approved port areas.
A couple of years ago in Spain this rule was strictly applied in Soller, Mallorca, by the maritime authorities, who fined a group of boats at anchor. The local council pointed out that to be consistent, boats entering harbour under motor should also be fined, so the restrictions have been dropped (for now).
Reports recently received from Italy is that this law is being enforced in southern Italy in the Reggio di Calabria area, and fines are as much as 300 Euros for anchoring too close to the beach (see comment on the Reggio di Calabria page). Further investigation by the cruisers who received this fine has shown that in fact the Capitaneria at Reggio has enacted its own specific legislation in relation to this law. The actual requirement is to be 150m off shore of beaches reserved for bathing between 0800 & 2000 (see translation of article here). This does not sound unreasonable aside from the fact that there is no way of telling whether a beach has been reserved for bathing without going ashore and finding a notice (and they are not easy to find). There seems to be no register online.
To add to the confusion, many updated charts and pilot books do not refer to any such legislation.
The unreasonable aspect to it is the lack of warning for first time offenders/visitors from overseas and the harshness of the penalty.
In the main, it is advisable when clearing into a country to ask the authorities about any anchoring restrictions along the coast, or if planning to cruise a particular stretch of the coastline, visit first the main port to confirm what restrictions on anchoring are in place (if any). If no swimming area is marked off the beach you intend to anchor at, and there are no mooring buoys in place for visiting yachts, err on the side of caution and anchor as far offshore as is reasonably possible, and take the dinghy in to investigate if any restrictions are in place.
Additionally, cruisers in the Balearics should note that anchoring is not permitted in Posidonia (sea grass) reserves on grass, where buoys should be used instead. You may be asked to move if anyone reasonably complains, or if an authority believes there is any danger. Fines have been levied for persistent infringements. See report on this subject here (http://www.noonsite.com/Members/sue/R2012-04-30-3).
Other noonsite reports on EU anchoring restrictions include: